By the word "rock" the Saviour cannot have meant Himself, but only Peter, as is so much more apparent in Aramaic in which the same word (Kipha) is used for "Peter" and "rock".His statement then admits of but one explanation, namely, that He wishes to make Peter the head of the whole community of those who believed in Him as the true Messias; that through this foundation (Peter) the Kingdom of Christ would be unconquerable; that the spiritual guidance of the faithful was placed in the hands of Peter, as the special representative of Christ.On the same occasion the sons of Zebedee were called (Matthew -22; Mark -20; Luke 5:1-11; it is here assumed that Luke refers to the same occasion as the other Evangelists).
" The Apostles answered: "Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets".
Jesus said to them: "But whom do you say that I am?
In especially solemn fashion Christ accentuated Peter's precedence among the Apostles, when, after Peter had recognized Him as the Messias, He promised that he would be head of His flock.
Jesus was then dwelling with His Apostles in the vicinity of Caesarea Philippi, engaged on His work of salvation.
Philippians is generally accepted to be authentic Pauline correspondence. Goodspeed indicates that there are a few problems with thinking that Philippians is a unity (An Introduction to the New Testament, pp.