In some states, Catholic education was prohibited altogether, and no schools were permitted to teach the Catechism, an activity that was sometimes prohibited even in churches.The Catholic bishops of the country responded to Calles with the suspension of public worship, in the apparent hope that they would stiffen the resolve of Catholics to resist the government’s measures.This platform does NOT host any content itself, we are a GATE between the censored users and the original websites we proxy.
The Constitution of 1917 reestablished the old anti-Catholic legislation of La Reforma, elevating much of it from mere civil law to the level of constitutional law.
It declared all churches in Mexico to be the property of the government, and forbade any public display of religious identity in public, including clerical garb.
The United States would ultimately back the hard-left faction of Venustatio Carranza and Alvaro Obregon, which was opposed to the more Catholic-friendly faction of Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa.
The forces of Carranza and Obregon defeated Zapata and Villa, and established Carranza as president of Mexico in 1917.
Priests, as well as lay Catholic publications and groups, were forbidden to comment on politics, and the clergy was deprived of the right to vote.