• Young women were more likely than young men to talk with their parents about each of these sexual health topics except how to use a condom, which was more commonly discussed among males (45%) than among females (36%).• Despite declines in adolescents’ receipt of formal sex education between 2006–20–2013, the share of adolescents who had talked with parents about most sex education topics did not change.
Among adolescents aged 15–19 who had ever had sex and who did not get birth control instruction from either formal sources or a parent, only 7% of females and 13% of males talked with a health care provider about birth control in 2006–2010.
• Access to the Internet is nearly universal among adolescents in the United States.
• “Abstinence education” programs that promote abstinence-only-until-marriage—now termed “sexual risk avoidance” by proponents—have been described as “scientifically and ethically problematic.” They systematically ignore or stigmatize many young people and do not meet their health needs.
• Proponents of “sexual risk avoidance” programs have appropriated the terms “medically accurate” and “evidence-based,” though experts in the field agree that such programs are neither complete in their medical accuracy nor based on the widely accepted body of scientific evidence.
• There has been a shift toward evidence-based interventions in the United States over the last few decades.