From its founding, the French intended it to be an important colonial city.
The city was named in honor of the then Regent of France, Philip II, Duke of Orléans.
Jean" near the head of the bayou; this would later be known as the Faubourg St. These early European settlements are now within the limits of the city of New Orleans, though predating its official date of founding.
New Orleans was founded in Spring of 1718 by the French as Nouvelle-Orléans, under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville.
Before Europeans founded what would become known as the city of New Orleans, the area was inhabited by Native Americans for about 1300 years.
The Mississippian culture peoples built mounds and earthworks in the area.
In September of that year, a hurricane struck the city, blowing most of the structures down.